On the geometry of polytopes generated by heavy-tailed random vectors


We study the geometry of centrally-symmetric random polytopes, generated by $N$ independent copies of a random vector $X$ taking values in ${\mathbb{R}^n}$. We show that under minimal assumptions on $X$, for $N \gtrsim n$ and with high probability, the polytope contains a deterministic set that is naturally associated with the random vector—namely, the polar of a certain floating body. This solves the long-standing question on whether such a random polytope contains a canonical body. Moreover, by identifying the floating bodies associated with various random vectors we recover the estimates that have been obtained previously, and thanks to the minimal assumptions on $X$ we derive estimates in cases that had been out of reach, in- volving random polytopes generated by heavy-tailed random vectors (e.g., when $X$ is $q$-stable or when $X$ has an unconditional structure). Finally, the structural results are used for the study of a fundamental question in compressive sensing—noise blind sparse recovery.

Communications in Contemporary Mathematics, 24(03), 2150056